Chwilowka ~ Kitchen Furniture Ideas

Amazon Bar Stools With Arms Tags

 93 Awful Amazon Bar Stools Picture Inspirations

Bar Stools:93 Awful Amazon Bar Stools Picture Inspirations Amazon Bartools Adjustable With Armsamazon Inchamazon Counter Height Arms AndwivelamazonwivelBar Stools:93 Awful Amazon Bar Stools Picture Inspirations Awful Amazon Bartools Picture Inspirations With Arms Adjustablewivel Counter HeightamazonBar Stools:93 Awful Amazon Bar Stools Picture Inspirations Bar Stools Amazon Com Inch Swivel Counter Heightamazon With Arms AdjustableBar Stools:93 Awful Amazon Bar Stools Picture Inspirations Awful Amazon Bar Stools Picture Inspirations Counter Height Swivel Heightamazon With ArmsBar Stools:93 Awful Amazon Bar Stools Picture Inspirations Amazon Com Winsome Wood Marta Assembled Round Barool With Puools  Cb526501945  Awful Picture InspirationsBar Stools:93 Awful Amazon Bar Stools Picture Inspirations Amazon Bar Stools Com Torin Big Red Swivel Stool Shop Seat Black Adjustable Counter HeightBar Stools:93 Awful Amazon Bar Stools Picture Inspirations Amazonar Stools  Cb528182208  Com Winsome Wood Air Lift Adjustable Set Of With Arms And SwivelamazonBar Stools:93 Awful Amazon Bar Stools Picture Inspirations Awful Amazon Bar Stools Picture Inspirations Adjustable With Armsamazon Inchamazon CounterBar Stools:93 Awful Amazon Bar Stools Picture Inspirations Amazon Com Commercial Grade Red Restaurant Swivel Bar Stool 71aavalzhhl  Sl1500  Stools Awful Picture InspirationsBar Stools:93 Awful Amazon Bar Stools Picture Inspirations Amazon Com Dark Blue Jazz Adjustable Height Swivel Armless Bar 51iazion9el  Sl1000 S Inch

Antonia Alford Bar Stools, 2018-01-10 14:59:03. Bar stools are a very versatile type of furniture. There are every type imaginable. There are kitchen bar stools. There are stools with back, without backs, with arms, without arms. There is a great range in different heights too. From the 24 bar stools or counter stools to the slightly taller standard height 30 stools, there is a bar stool designed to fit your need. There are outdoor stools which are designed to resist the weather. There are also many materials used in their construction to choose from. What Are Stools Made Of? Many people prefer wood because of the warmer feel that natural wood gives a piece of furniture. Wood stools use a large variety of different woods. Some of the more popular woods used to make them are cedar, teak, mahogany and pine. Even bamboo has been used to create a more tropical feeling stool. Some very beautiful bamboo stools have been made from black bamboo.



 48 Fascinating Outdoor Kitchen Islands Images Inspirations

Kitchen Island:48 Fascinating Outdoor Kitchen Islands Images Inspirations Fascinating Outdoor Kitchen Islands Images Inspirations Pre Fabricated Best In Backyards OnKitchen Island:48 Fascinating Outdoor Kitchen Islands Images Inspirations Outdoorchen Islands Bright Island With Stone Floor Clearances For Sale On WheelsKitchen Island:48 Fascinating Outdoor Kitchen Islands Images Inspirations Outdoor Kitchen Islands Clearance Tables Phoenixoutdoor Kits With SinkKitchen Island:48 Fascinating Outdoor Kitchen Islands Images Inspirations Fascinating Outdooren Islands Images Inspirations Costco Phoenixoutdoor Kits AmazonKitchen Island:48 Fascinating Outdoor Kitchen Islands Images Inspirations Fascinating Outdoorchen Islands Images Inspirations Phoenixoutdoors Amazon On WheelsKitchen Island:48 Fascinating Outdoor Kitchen Islands Images Inspirations Outdoor Kitchen Islands Amazon Kits Clearance On Wheels With SinkKitchen Island:48 Fascinating Outdoor Kitchen Islands Images Inspirations Fascinatingor Kitchen Islands Images Inspirations Costco Island Kits For Sale On Wheels ClearanceKitchen Island:48 Fascinating Outdoor Kitchen Islands Images Inspirations Outdoor Kitchen Islands Cooking Kits Costco Island For SaleKitchen Island:48 Fascinating Outdoor Kitchen Islands Images Inspirations Outdoor Kitchends Phoenixoutdoor Kits On Wheels TablesKitchen Island:48 Fascinating Outdoor Kitchen Islands Images Inspirations Ft Outdoortchen Island Framet Firesidetchens Fascinating Islands Images Inspirations

Randi Sampson Kitchen Island, 2018-02-07 10:22:01. 5 Tips When Designing A New Kitchen Island If you have decided that your kitchen deserves a kitchen island, there are many ways to make the design unique and creative as well. Here are five tips for you to consider when designing: 1. Size: Once you have decided on the materials that youd like to use, it is time to consider the size. Do you want to go big and dramatic, making your kitchen island a focal piece of your kitchen remodel? Or are you more interested in something smaller and less obtrusive, using the island more for standalone functional? Consider how much use it will get, what it will be used for, and how important open floor space is in your kitchen when deciding on dimensions.


 37 Wonderful High Chairs For Kitchen Island Pictures Inspirations

Kitchen Island:37 Wonderful High Chairs For Kitchen Island Pictures Inspirations Wonderful High Chairs For Kitchen Island Picturesspirations Height Highchair Bar Trends AndKitchen Island:37 Wonderful High Chairs For Kitchen Island Pictures Inspirations Polyurethane Leather Cross Beige Vintage High Chairs For Kitchen Wonderful Island PicturesspirationsKitchen Island:37 Wonderful High Chairs For Kitchen Island Pictures Inspirations High Chairs For Kitchennd Wonderful Pictures Inspirations Amusing BackKitchen Island:37 Wonderful High Chairs For Kitchen Island Pictures Inspirations Wonderful High Chairs For Kitchen Island Pictures Inspirations Evolu Highchair Six Years Of Designer Multifunctionality In OneKitchen Island:37 Wonderful High Chairs For Kitchen Island Pictures Inspirations High Chairs For Kitchen Island Back Islandhigh InKitchen Island:37 Wonderful High Chairs For Kitchen Island Pictures Inspirations Wonderful High Chairs Foren Island Pictures Inspirations Table With Stools Underneath Astonishing Applying InKitchen Island:37 Wonderful High Chairs For Kitchen Island Pictures Inspirations High Chairs Foritchen Island Back Islandhigh Initchenhigh WonderfulKitchen Island:37 Wonderful High Chairs For Kitchen Island Pictures Inspirations Trisha Yearwood Kitchen Cowboy Bar Stool Homegh Chairs For Island Wonderful Pictures InspirationsKitchen Island:37 Wonderful High Chairs For Kitchen Island Pictures Inspirations High Chairs Forn Island Wonderful Pictures Inspirations In Back IslandhighKitchen Island:37 Wonderful High Chairs For Kitchen Island Pictures Inspirations Kitchen Marvellous High Chair For Counter Height Chairs Island Wonderful Picturesspirations

Lillie Buchanan Kitchen Island, 2018-02-06 11:45:46. Kitchen islands are the life and soul of a kitchen! Why? Well, not only can they help increase the efficiency of your kitchen with the many choices of fixtures, accessories and designs available, they can also bring along lots of fun to further enhance ones cooking experience, not to mention the style and look it will provide for your kitchen. Kitchen islands usually come in wood, stainless steel, granite or marble designs. Choosing ready-made kitchen islands for your homes are a good way to incorporate islands into your homes but with ready-made islands one cannot specifically find a design that suits every need of your kitchen.


 51 Unique Kitchen Island Seating Image Inspirations

Kitchen Island:51 Unique Kitchen Island Seating Image Inspirations Kitchen Island Seating Tips And Tricks Designs For Smallens Home Interior Diy With Ideas SpaceKitchen Island:51 Unique Kitchen Island Seating Image Inspirations Small Kitchen Island With Seating Ideaskitchen Spaceor Portableourkitchen IdeasKitchen Island:51 Unique Kitchen Island Seating Image Inspirations Unique Kitchen Island Seating Image Inspirations With Space Planning ForKitchen Island:51 Unique Kitchen Island Seating Image Inspirations Unique Kitchen Island Seating Image Inspirations Best Ideas On Pinterest Dimensions For Small WithKitchen Island:51 Unique Kitchen Island Seating Image Inspirations Kitchen Island Seating Islands With Hgtv Space At Islandkitchen Overhang SmallKitchen Island:51 Unique Kitchen Island Seating Image Inspirations Kitchen Island Seating Unique Image Inspirations Best Ideas Islands With ForKitchen Island:51 Unique Kitchen Island Seating Image Inspirations Kitchen Islands With Seating Hgtv Island For Four Sale Space Areas AtKitchen Island:51 Unique Kitchen Island Seating Image Inspirations Multifunctional Kitchen Islands With Seating Island Unique Image Inspirations Overhang For SmallKitchen Island:51 Unique Kitchen Island Seating Image Inspirations Unique Kitchen Island Seating Image Inspirations With For Four Small Ideaskitchen SpaceKitchen Island:51 Unique Kitchen Island Seating Image Inspirations Large Kitchen Island With Seating For Four Portable Fourkitchen Ideas Dimensions

James Noel Kitchen Island, 2018-02-06 11:41:34. Consider the Services If you need a power supply for appliances, you can run it up through a pipe or conduit up to the ceiling, or even better, run a line below the floorboards up into the kitchen island. Make sure your installation conforms to local and national regulations. You are advised to employ a qualified electrician to do this. Many islands are fitted with burners and sinks with a hot and cold water supply, but this is not essential if you already have a traditional sink and stove. There are many different designs of pot hooks or racks that can be used on or above your island. Many people fit hooks to the ceiling to hold cooking pans of different types, but that will depend on the height of your ceiling.



 37 Stunning Kitchen Island Countertop Images Design

Kitchen Island:37 Stunning Kitchen Island Countertop Images Design Interesting Kitchen Islandp With Granitepsc Decoratingps Cheap Ready MadeKitchen Island:37 Stunning Kitchen Island Countertop Images Design Walnut Wood Countertop Kitchen Island New Orleans Louisiana Stunning Images Design Support Bracket OverhangKitchen Island:37 Stunning Kitchen Island Countertop Images Design Best Kitchen Countertops Design Ideas Types Of Counters Island Countertop Cheapupport Type CountertopskitchenKitchen Island:37 Stunning Kitchen Island Countertop Images Design Kitchen Islandertop Designs And Images Ideas For Islandkitchen Overhang Diy Wood EdgekitchenKitchen Island:37 Stunning Kitchen Island Countertop Images Design Kitchen Island Countertop Countertops Cheap Buy Design Overhang Onkitchen DiyKitchen Island:37 Stunning Kitchen Island Countertop Images Design Countertop Overhang On Kitchen Island Bar Supportkitchen Ideasertops Laminate DecoratingKitchen Island:37 Stunning Kitchen Island Countertop Images Design Kitchen Islandtop Ideas Baytownkitchen Com Stunning Images Designtops For Sale CheapKitchen Island:37 Stunning Kitchen Island Countertop Images Design Stunning Kitchensland Countertopmages Design Perfectdea With Wooden Designs And DiyKitchen Island:37 Stunning Kitchen Island Countertop Images Design Kitchen Island Countertops Pictures Ideas From Hgtv Buy Ready Made Countertop For IslandkitchenKitchen Island:37 Stunning Kitchen Island Countertop Images Design Best Raiseden Island Ideas On Pinterest Stunning Countertop Images Design Overhang Brackets

Shari Mueller Kitchen Island, 2018-02-07 10:29:31. The kitchen island as a stand-alone platform in the middle of the kitchen provides convenience and efficiency by creating more workspace. When the island is located in the center of the kitchen more space in automatically created. In most situations a kitchen island is the ideal way to separate the kitchen from the living room. If the kitchen island has cook top, sinks or pull-out drawer refrigerators then this accommodates greater convenience and socializing since one can do dishes and preparation while conversing with guests in the living room. There are endless uses for kitchen islands.


 28 Unique Small Kitchen Islands With Seating Photo Concept

Kitchen Island:28 Unique Small Kitchen Islands With Seating Photo Concept Kitchen Island Designs With Seating Light Awesome House Best Cheap Small Islands OverhangKitchen Island:28 Unique Small Kitchen Islands With Seating Photo Concept Kitchen Islands With Seating For Small Spaces Cheap IdeasKitchen Island:28 Unique Small Kitchen Islands With Seating Photo Concept Unique Small Kitchen Islands With Seating Photo Concept For SpacesKitchen Island:28 Unique Small Kitchen Islands With Seating Photo Concept Small Kitchen Islands Witheating Island Ideas White Lace Cottage For CheapKitchen Island:28 Unique Small Kitchen Islands With Seating Photo Concept Unique Small Kitchen Islands With Seating Photo Concept Island And Storage Home DesignKitchen Island:28 Unique Small Kitchen Islands With Seating Photo Concept Small Kitchen Islands Witheating Hgtv Unique Photo Concept ForKitchen Island:28 Unique Small Kitchen Islands With Seating Photo Concept Kitchen Islands Withing For Small Spaces Ideas CheapKitchen Island:28 Unique Small Kitchen Islands With Seating Photo Concept Small Kitchen Islands With Seating Cheap Overhang ForKitchen Island:28 Unique Small Kitchen Islands With Seating Photo Concept Best Idea Of Small Kitchen Island With Seating And Lighting Unique Islands PhotoKitchen Island:28 Unique Small Kitchen Islands With Seating Photo Concept What About Fridge Where The Pantry Is And Microwave In Island I Smallchen Islands With Seating Ideas For Spaces

Emma Velez Kitchen Island, 2018-02-07 10:27:10. The right island will make any kitchen both functional and beautiful. They can form the center of a kitchen design. The challenge is to learn where you can find custom kitchen islands to meet your needs at an affordable price. The answer is to work with the right cabinetmaker. Many cabinet makers charge a small fortune to build an island that meets your needs. Most pre-designed and pre-fabricated kitchen island designs will not provide the combination of features and dimensions you want. Your options are to use something you do not want or to pay for the custom island. There is a very good option. By working with a cabinetmaker that has a relationship allowing him or her to buy cabinets directly from a manufacturer, it is possible to customize affordable standard-size cabinets into the island you want for your kitchen. Even the kitchen island cabinet offered by the manufacturer can be customized for your needs.


 50 Impressive Bobs Furniture Kitchen Island Photo Ideas
Kitchen Island:50 Impressive Bobs Furniture Kitchen Island Photo Ideas Impressive Bobs Furniture Kitchen Island Photo Ideas Does Sell Islands ScodioKitchen Island:50 Impressive Bobs Furniture Kitchen Island Photo Ideas Does Bobs Furniture Sell Kitchen Islands Island Ideas And Laminate Countertops ImpressiveKitchen Island:50 Impressive Bobs Furniture Kitchen Island Photo Ideas Impressive Bobs Furniture Kitchen Island Photo Ideas Scodio Com Does SellKitchen Island:50 Impressive Bobs Furniture Kitchen Island Photo Ideas Impressive Bobs Furniture Kitchen Island Photo Ideas Does Sell Islands LocationsKitchen Island:50 Impressive Bobs Furniture Kitchen Island Photo Ideas Impressive Bobs Furniture Kitchen Island Photo Ideas Montibello Marble Top Discount Does SellKitchen Island:50 Impressive Bobs Furniture Kitchen Island Photo Ideas Bobs Furniture Kitchen Island Does Sell Islands Impressive Photo Ideas KenangorgunKitchen Island:50 Impressive Bobs Furniture Kitchen Island Photo Ideas Does Bobs Furniture Sell Kitchen Islands Dining Room Sets Discount Island Impressive PhotoKitchen Island:50 Impressive Bobs Furniture Kitchen Island Photo Ideas Impressive Bobs Furniture Kitchen Island Photo Ideas Rosewood Saddle Windham Door With Does SellKitchen Island:50 Impressive Bobs Furniture Kitchen Island Photo Ideas Impressive Bobs Furniture Kitchen Island Photo Ideas Fantastic And Decors Does SellKitchen Island:50 Impressive Bobs Furniture Kitchen Island Photo Ideas Impressive Bobs Furniture Kitchen Island Photo Ideas Does Sell Islands

Randi Sampson Kitchen Island, 2018-02-06 11:49:33. Alternatively, you can position your island to create a barrier between the dining and entertaining area of your kitchen and the work area. Refrigerated drawers can be used to make snacks and appetizers available, as well as cold drinks. Your island could also include an under-counter wine cooler or refrigerator. By including a microwave and a small freezer, you can make snacks available to your children in an area that keeps them away from the dangers of the stove. Custom kitchen islands have become an important element in kitchen design. They can serve a range of functions in your remodeled, new or upgraded kitchen. Working with a good cabinetmaker to customize affordable kitchen cabinets can create exactly what you want in your finished kitchen at a price that will not break the budget.



 44 Awesome Big Kitchen Islands Photos Concept
Kitchen Island:44 Awesome Big Kitchen Islands Photos Concept Home Design Awesome Big Kitchen Island Pictures Ideas Islands For Sale With Seating How AreKitchen Island:44 Awesome Big Kitchen Islands Photos Concept Awesome Big Kitchen Islands Photos Concept Larger Pictures Ideas Tips From Hgtv On Wheels With PricesKitchen Island:44 Awesome Big Kitchen Islands Photos Concept Awesome Big Kitchen Islands Photos Concept Best Large Island Ideas On Pinterest With SeatingKitchen Island:44 Awesome Big Kitchen Islands Photos Concept Awesome Big Kitchen Islands Photos Concept Large With Seating Cool Hd9a12 Tjihome How Are Islandsbigor SaleKitchen Island:44 Awesome Big Kitchen Islands Photos Concept These Stylish Kitchen Island Designs Will Have You Swooning Awesome Big Islands Photos Concept Already Made For Sale HowKitchen Island:44 Awesome Big Kitchen Islands Photos Concept Big Kitchenlands Awesome Photos Concept With Seating Lots For Sale Already MadeKitchen Island:44 Awesome Big Kitchen Islands Photos Concept Big Kitchen Islands On Wheels With Prices Already Made Double Doors SeatingKitchen Island:44 Awesome Big Kitchen Islands Photos Concept Big Kitchen Islands Best Large Island Ideas Baytownkitchen Com With Prices Already Made Lots ForeKitchen Island:44 Awesome Big Kitchen Islands Photos Concept Big Kitchen Islandslready Made For Sale With Prices Lots On Wheelswesome Glass Island CountertopKitchen Island:44 Awesome Big Kitchen Islands Photos Concept Big Kitchen Islandslready Made With Prices Lots For Sale Howre Islandsbig

Eunice Lamb Kitchen Island, 2018-02-07 10:18:41. Use kitchen island ideas to better understand how to create a more functional and comfortable kitchen. Using custom kitchen islands means having the most appropriate island for your home and kitchen area based on your kitchen space and your needs. Kitchen island ideas take us back to the farmhouse kitchen, even back to medieval times when a large worktable was used to do most of the preparation work. Besides meal preparation, the kitchen can become a gathering area for family and friends if there is enough space. Since so much happens in the kitchen on a regular basis, getting the layout right is important. The kitchen island can serve as an additional eating area, and food preparation can easily be done there. In a large kitchen, the kitchen island can shorten the distances within the working triangle (sink, refrigerator and range or cooktop) and make it more efficient.


 27 Unbelievable Paula Deen Kitchen Island Pictures Ideas

Kitchen Island:27 Unbelievable Paula Deen Kitchen Island Pictures Ideas Unbelievable Paula Deen Kitchen Island Pictures Ideas Dogwood Cobblestone Set From RiverKitchen Island:27 Unbelievable Paula Deen Kitchen Island Pictures Ideas Unbelievable Paula Deenhen Island Pictures Ideas Dogwood By Carts DogwoodpaulaKitchen Island:27 Unbelievable Paula Deen Kitchen Island Pictures Ideas Paula Deen Furniture River House Kitchen Island Homeclick Com Unbelievable Pictures Ideas DogwoodKitchen Island:27 Unbelievable Paula Deen Kitchen Island Pictures Ideas Universal Furniture Paula Deen Kitchen Islandpaula Island Clearancepaula RiverKitchen Island:27 Unbelievable Paula Deen Kitchen Island Pictures Ideas Paula Deen Kitchen Island With River House Set Gallery Picture Unbelievable Pictures Ideas Universal FurnitureKitchen Island:27 Unbelievable Paula Deen Kitchen Island Pictures Ideas Paula Deen Kitchen Island Carts Dogwoodpaula Islands With Seatingpaula Tablepaula CartspaulaKitchen Island:27 Unbelievable Paula Deen Kitchen Island Pictures Ideas Paula Deen Kitchen Island Carts Islands With Seating Dogwood Cabinet Home River HouseKitchen Island:27 Unbelievable Paula Deen Kitchen Island Pictures Ideas Universal Furniture Dogwood Paula Deen Home The Kitchen Island Unbelievable Pictures IdeasKitchen Island:27 Unbelievable Paula Deen Kitchen Island Pictures Ideas Universal Furniture Dogwood Paula Deen Home The Kitchen Island Unbelievable Pictures Ideas River HouseKitchen Island:27 Unbelievable Paula Deen Kitchen Island Pictures Ideas Unbelievable Paula Deen Kitchen Island Pictures Ideas Dogwood Set On Sale Dogwoodpaula Islands With

James Noel Kitchen Island, 2018-02-06 11:38:51. 3. A second kitchen sink can be included on the kitchen island. Use a sink that is deep enough for washing large pots and pans, and consider equipping the kitchen island with a trash compactor, garbage disposal, recycle bin and even a dishwasher. Cleanup will be much easier when these appliances are close by the sink. 4. Allow adequate countertop space on both sides (left and right) of the kitchen island if a sink or cooktop will be used. Include at least 15 inches of countertop space on each side, and if your kitchen is large enough, allow even more space. You can never have too much countertop space in a kitchen. Also, rounded countertop corners help protect everyone from bad bruises -- this is true about all kitchen countertop corners.



 37 Awful Kitchen Island Stainless Steel Top Pictures Inspirations

Kitchen Island:37 Awful Kitchen Island Stainless Steel Top Pictures Inspirations Types Of Small Kitchen Islands Carts On Wheels Awful Islandess Steel Top Pictures Inspirations Crosley Black WithKitchen Island:37 Awful Kitchen Island Stainless Steel Top Pictures Inspirations Hand Craftedinless Steel Kitchen Islands By Custom Metal Home Gray Island With Top BlackKitchen Island:37 Awful Kitchen Island Stainless Steel Top Pictures Inspirations Sportsmaness Steel Kitchen Utility Table Sswtable The Awful Island Top Pictures Inspirations Gray WithKitchen Island:37 Awful Kitchen Island Stainless Steel Top Pictures Inspirations Sundance Kitchen Cart With Stainless Steel Top Black Walmart Com IslandKitchen Island:37 Awful Kitchen Island Stainless Steel Top Pictures Inspirations Kitchen Islandinless Steel Toptionery Gray With Farm BlackKitchen Island:37 Awful Kitchen Island Stainless Steel Top Pictures Inspirations Kitchen Islandless Steel Top Stationery Crosley Gray With BlackKitchen Island:37 Awful Kitchen Island Stainless Steel Top Pictures Inspirations Kitchen Islandless Steel Top Stationery Crosley Grey With BlackKitchen Island:37 Awful Kitchen Island Stainless Steel Top Pictures Inspirations Amazon Com Home Styles Create Cart Series Kitchen Island Stainless Steelp Awful Pictures InspirationsKitchen Island:37 Awful Kitchen Island Stainless Steel Top Pictures Inspirations Kitchen Island Stainless Steel Top Black With FarmKitchen Island:37 Awful Kitchen Island Stainless Steel Top Pictures Inspirations Kitchen Islandless Steel Top Stationery Black With Grey Crosley

Janie Roth Kitchen Island, 2018-02-07 10:33:32. Before deciding on any type of kitchen design you need to be certain of the shape. In addition traditional rectangle or square a rounded or oval island can bring a whole new look to your kitchen. Whether in a single row kitchen or as part of an L-shape design the kitchen island will be the heart of the whole kitchen. Some basic kitchen design ideas need to be considered. Kitchen Islands can have some additional design options like breakfast bars and installed appliances which can achieve the triangle design of sink-stove-refrigerator that is considered one of the top kitchen design ideas.


Monthly Archives

Categories

Recent Posts

About  ▪ Contact  ▪ Privacy Policy  ▪ Terms of Service  ▪ Copyright/IP Policy
Copyright © 2013 ยท Home Design Ideas. All Wrong Reserved.


Any contenttrademark/sor other material that might be found on this site that is not this site property remains the copyright of its respective owner/s. In no way does Chwilowka claim ownership or responsibility for such items, and you should seek legal consent for any use of such materials from its owner.